As explained in .NET - Prepare and deliver the source code, CAST AIP extracts relevant information used to create the automated analysis configuration from the .NET project files. Currently the .NET Analyzer extension supports these build project files:
- Visual Studio 2003 - 2019
For any other build project format CAST AIP will not be able to automatically retrieve build information: no Analysis Unit will be created and no analysis configuration will be provided. To address this situation, the Analysis Unit and the analysis configuration should be created manually using the legacy CAST Management Studio (no interface available in AIP Console to do this). This case falls outside of the out-of-the-box support and is out of scope of a standard analysis.
Using AIP Console
AIP Console exposes the Technology configuration options once a version has been accepted/imported, or an analysis has been run. Click DOTNET Technology to display the available options:
Technology settings are organized as follows:
- Settings specific to the technology for the entire Application (i.e. all Analysis Units)
- List of Analysis Units (a set of source code files to analyze) created for the Application
- Settings specific to each Analysis Unit (typically the settings are the same or similar as at Application level) that allow you to make fine-grained configuration changes.
Settings are initially set according to the information discovered during the source code discovery process when creating a version. You should check that these auto-determined settings are as required and that at least one Analysis Unit exists for the specific technology:
Technology level settings
Dependencies are configured at Application level for each technology and are configured between individual Analysis Units/groups of Analysis Units. You can find out more detailed information about how to ensure dependencies are set up correctly, in Validate dependency configuration.
This section lists all Analysis Units created automatically based on the source code discovery process. You should check that at least one Analysis Unit exists for the specific technology. Settings at Analysis Unit level can be modified independently of the parent Technology settings and any other Analysis Units if required - click the Analysis Unit to view its technology settings:
See Application - Config - Analysis - Working with Execution Groups for more information about the options available here. Clicking an Analysis Unit will take you directly to the available Analysis Unit level settings:
Technology settings at Analysis Unit level
|Project path||The file based location of the corresponding project. This field is read-only.|
|Project type||Indicates whether a Visual Studio project file or a Web site project folder will be used to determine the source code files for the analysis. This field is read-only.|
|Visual Studio project file||Indicates the .vbproj/.vbdproj/.csproj/.csdproj file that is defined as the Visual Studio project file for the Analysis Unit for analysis purposes. This field is read only.|
|Web site project folder||Indicates the folder that is defined as the Web site project folder for the Analysis Unit for analysis purposes. This field is read only.|
Files to analyze
Lists all files that are included in the current Analysis Unit and which will be analyzed:
This section lists all the .NET assemblies that have been referenced while delivering the source code (see .NET - Prepare and deliver the source code) and which are external to your project's source code, i.e. custom assemblies or assemblies from the .NET Framework:
Using legacy CAST Management Studio
Introduction to analysis configuration options
Some settings at Application and Analysis Unit level have a "Reset" option - using this will reset the option to the value set at the parent level:
Technology / Application level
Using the Technology level or Application level options, validate the settings for .NET packages. Make any update as required. These settings apply to the Technology or Application as a whole (i.e. all Analysis Units):
Analysis Unit level
To inspect the auto-generated analysis configuration, you should review the settings in each Analysis Unit - they can be accessed through the Application editor:
The available options for configuring an analysis are described below. Note that some options are not available at specific levels (Technology/Application/Analysis Unit):
This tab shows the location of each type of source code in the .NET Analysis Unit - this is determined automatically by the CAST Delivery Manager Tool. You should, however, review the configuration and make any changes you need:
|Project path||The file based location of the corresponding project. This field is read-only. When the field contains User defined, this indicates that the Analysis Unit has been defined manually instead of automatically following the use of the CAST Delivery Manager Tool.|
|Source Selection||Indicates whether a Visual Studio project file or a Web site project folder will be used to determine the source code files for the analysis. This field is read-only for all auto-created Analysis Units.|
When working with a manually defined Analysis Unit, you must select an option to determine what will be analyzed. Selecting an option will change the options below:
|Visual Studio project file||Indicates the .vbproj/.vbdproj/.csproj/.csdproj file that is defined as the Visual Studio project file for the Analysis Unit for analysis purposes.|
If this Analysis Unit is automatically defined, then this field is read only.
|Web site project folder||Indicates the folder that is defined as the Web site project folder for the Analysis Unit for analysis purposes.|
If this Analysis Unit is automatically defined, then this field is read only.
The settings in this tab govern how the source code is handled by the analyzer:
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This section lists all the .NET assemblies that have been packaged in the CAST Delivery Manager Tool (usually via the specific .NET assemblies on your file system option) and which are external to your project's source code, i.e. custom assemblies or assemblies from the .NET General Assembly Cache (GAC) located under:
These assemblies will be listed but will be "greyed" out and cannot be edited, re-ordered or deleted - unlike manually added assemblies:
If an assembly was not delivered via the CAST Delivery Manager Tool, it is possible to manually add an assembly or a folder of assemblies:
Key for the list of assemblies table:
|Default Scripting Language for the client side||This option enables you to select the Default Scripting Language for your client-side files. Use the drop down list box to choose between:|
This section enables you to define Regular Expressions (that match character strings in your selected files) that you want to replace with other text:
- Click the button to add a new line to the table listing the Text Replacements
- Double click the new line in the table and a hidden section will appear in which you can enter the details you require:
- Enter the Regular Expression in the Regular Expression field.
- Chose the type of Regular Expression in the drop down list:
- Perl (default format) - Specifies that when a regular expression match is to be replaced by a new string, that the new string is constructed using the same rules as Perl 5.
- Sed - Specifies that when a regular expression match is to be replaced by a new string, that the new string is constructed using the rules used by the Unix Sed utility in IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), Shells and Utilities.
- Tcl - Specifies that when a regular expression match is to be replaced by a new string, the text that matches the regular expression will be replaced by the replacement text.
- Enter the text you want to replace the Regular Expression with, in the Replacing Text field.
- The new line in the table above should now be populated with your changes:
|Add a new Text Replacement|
|Re-order the list of Text Replacements. This is important because the order in which the items appear in the list, is the order in which the analyzer will replace the character strings that match the Regular Expressions. Thus, if you have a complicated set of Regular Expressions and replacement texts, difficulties could arise if the order in which they are dealt with is not correct.|
|Delete an existing Text Replacement|
|Only visible at Application and Analysis Unit level|
Use this button to reset the list to the entries defined at one level higher:
- Use Text Replacement with caution. First try to change the source tree to reflect the production environment and then use Text Replacement for other cases.
- You can use the Test Text Replacement option to check whether your proposed configuration will function as expected:
- You will be prompted to choose a source file on which the Text Replacement will be tested.
- Results of the replacement will be shown in a copy of the selected source file.
|Custom .NET Environment Profiles||Only visible at Application and Analysis Unit level|
See .NET - Environment Profiles for more information about this option.
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Data to generate - Dynamic Analysis options
|Resolve virtual function calls|
Selecting this option (default position) will force the analyzer to resolve calls made by virtual functions. When selected, this option will automatically activate what was known as the Inference Engine in previous releases of CAST AIP (run time type information will be computed in order to simulate program behaviour during execution of the analyzer and thus identify additional links that would not otherwise be "discovered" using standard analysis techniques. This technology detects a reference to an object wherever its name is mentioned, regardless of the context in which this reference occurs).
Unselecting this option will cause a loss of links to virtual functions and therefore have a significant (negative) impact on the calculation of Automated Function Points.
|Create accurate client / server links|
Selecting this option will force the analyzer to find all method calls that target a database, and find all strings that eventually reach those calls. Any database link created from those strings is guaranteed to be correct. Without this option, all database links created from strings are not guaranteed to be correct (e.g. strings used in logs).
When selected, this option will automatically activate what was known as the Inference Engine in previous releases of CAST AIP (run time type information will be computed in order to simulate program behaviour during execution of the analyzer and thus identify additional links that would not otherwise be "discovered" using standard analysis techniques. This technology detects a reference to an object wherever its name is mentioned, regardless of the context in which this reference occurs).
When Resolve virtual function calls or Create accurate client / server links is selected, this value (default = 15000) limits the number of strings that can be found during the search of each object value.
Note that limiting the number of strings can lead to incomplete results, however, performance is improved.
|Procedure Call Depth|
When Resolve virtual function calls or Create accurate client / server links is selected, this value (default value in ≤ 8.3.17 = 3000 and in ≥ 8.3.18 = 300) limits the number of intermediate values that the Inference Engine can resolve in order to obtain the type of the object that is being searched for.
|Allow extensions||This option is active by default. If you have installed any extensions to support technologies such as WPF or WCF, then the extension will be called and run during the .NET analysis. If you would prefer to deactivate the extensions during a .NET analysis (for example to troubleshoot or to improve performance), unticking this option will do so. The extensions will not be called during the .NET Analysis.|
Data to generate - Web parsing options
|Add called files to selected files list||Selecting this option will automatically add any files to the list of files selected for analysis that are called by files that you have already selected.|
|Add included files to selected files list||Selecting this option will add any files to the analysis list that are included in files that you have already selected.|
This option enables you to manually enter a percentage which will refer to the m complexity of the analysis process.
If the maximum number of function analyses is reached, this will be logged.
When the limit is reached, links to the function will be created correctly, but links from the function will not be created.
You should alter the complexity percentage if your analyses are taking a long time to complete with the default setting of 100%. Changing the percentage to a lower figure will reduce the number of function analyses for a given file, thus improving performance. Remember though that doing will cause some links not to be created.
Dynamic Links Rules
See the CAST Management Studio help for more information about this global option.
If the CAST Delivery Manager Tool did not detect any inter-Analysis Unit dependencies (i.e. Discovered dependencies) then it will create a "global" default dependency between .NET and .NET. CAST highly recommends that this default rule is removed if the deployed package contains more than three Analysis Units. In addition, CAST highly recommends that you avoid creating a custom .NET > .NET rule if the deployed package contains more than three Analysis Units.
This global default rule can cause the creation of inaccurate links between objects which has a knock on effect on Quality Rule results and on Quality Rule results and on Transaction flow.