Summary: This section describes how to install and configure the Security Dashboard 2.x in ZIP file format (i.e. no web application server required).
What is the ZIP file format?
From release 2.0 onwards, CAST will deliver a ZIP file for each CAST Dashboard, alongside the traditional WAR file that has always been delivered. The ZIP file is a new method of deploying the CAST Dashboards based on Spring Boot and does not require a web application server (the application server is embedded in the ZIP itself). The aim of the ZIP file releases is to simplify and speed up the deployment of the CAST Dashboards. The deployment and configuration of the Spring Boot based dashboards differs slightly to the steps required for traditional WAR files (see Deploy CAST Security Dashboard using WAR file).
How many Security Dashboards do I need?
CAST highly recommends that you install one Security Dashboard and consolidate all your CAST Dashboard Services schemas into this.
Please see Standalone dashboard - installation requirements, specifically the requirements for the Engineering Dashboard, which are identical.
Pre-installation check list
Before beginning the installation process, please ensure that you have carried out all of the following tasks and that the following requirements have been met:
Ensure you have read all Release Notes accompanying CAST products for any last-minute information.
|Decide where the Security Dashboard will be installed and run from.|
Ensure that your user login on the target machine has sufficient user privileges to install applications.
Make sure you have the required .ZIP file ready for deployment.
The installation process is divided into various steps:
|Step 1||Unpack the ZIP file|
Configure the connection parameters
|Step 3||Install the license key|
|Step 4||Install the Microsoft Windows Service to start/stop the application server - optional|
|Step 5||Start the dashboard and test connection|
|Step 6||Configure user authentication|
|Step 7||First login and become admin - ≥ 2.1 only|
|Step 8||Configure roles|
|Step 9||Generate snapshot data for display|
|Step 10||Configure data authorization|
Step 1 - Unpack the ZIP file
Unpack the ZIP file on the server. You can run the dashboard directly from wherever you unpack the ZIP file, however, you may want to move the unpacked files to a more appropriate location.
Step 2 - Configure the connection parameters
When the ZIP has been unpacked you now need to configure the application.properties file to tell the web application on which CAST Storage Service/PostgreSQL instance the Dashboard schemas are stored. This file is located here:
Locate the following section in the file:
If all your Dashboard schemas are located on one single CAST Storage Service/PostgreSQL instance then you need to modify the
password entries to match your target CAST Storage Service/PostgreSQL, for example:
If your Dashboard schemas are located on multiple CAST Storage Services/PostgreSQL instances, you need to add in the additional servers as shown in the example below:
- Ensure that you modify the
resourceentries to match your target CAST Storage Service/PostgreSQL. In particular, the
resourceentry must be unique within the application.properties file.
must also be incremented for additional CAST Storage Service/PostgreSQL instances, for example, use
Save the file before proceeding.
minimumIdle and maximumPoolSize
The following options are used to govern the connections from the web application to the target CAST Storage Service/PostgreSQL instance:
CAST recommends using the default options unless you are experiencing performance issues. The options are used as follows:
The minimum number of connections that should be kept in the pool at all times (even if there is no traffic). Default value is 10. Idle connections are checked periodically.
|maximumPoolSize||The maximum number of active connections that can be allocated from this pool at the same time. The default value is 20.|
You now need to configure the domains.properties file which provides a link between the CAST Storage Services/PostgreSQL instances defined in the application.properties file and the Dashboard schemas containing the relevant snapshot data. This file is located here:
This file is delivered empty as shown below:
For each Dashboard schema that you need to display in the CAST Security Dashboard, add one line to the file ensuring that there are no empty lines:
|AED1||This is known as the "domain" and this must be unique in the domains.properties file. Therefore for each Dashboard schema you need to display in the CAST Security Dashboard, you need to assign one unique domain. You can use any domain name notation you want, however, CAST highly recommends incrementing the number, i.e. AED1, AED2, AED3 etc.|
|Resource1||This entry refers to the CAST Storage Service/PostgreSQL instance as defined in the application.properties file.|
|[Central Schema1]||This entry refers to the Dashboard schema containing the relevant Application data.|
For example, for one single Dashboard schema called "MEUDON_CENTRAL" stored in the CAST Storage Service/PostgreSQL instance defined in Resource1 in the application.properties file, add the following:
For multiple Dashboard schemas where all schemas are located in the same CAST Storage Service/PostgreSQL instance defined in Resource1 in the application.properties, add the following:
For multiple Dashboard schemas where the schemas are located on different CAST Storage Services/PostgreSQL instances (Resource1 and Resource2) as defined in the application.properties file, add the following:
Save the file before proceeding.
Modify application.properties to define connection to CSS/PostgreSQL for the roles/permissions schema - ≥ 2.1 only
In ≥ 2.1 only, an interface exists to manage User roles - 2.x and above and Data authorization - 2.x and above - this interface stores all its records in a dedicated schema on a CAST Storage Service/PostgreSQL instance. This instance does not need to be the same as used for your AIP schemas (Dashboard/Measure schemas), however, the required schema is small and therefore CAST recommends using an existing CAST Storage Service/PostgreSQL instance to host it. The schema is created automatically when you start up your Dashboard deployment if it does not already exist.
The application.properties file contains a section dedicated to this schema - this file is located here:
Locate the following section in the file:
Change the line
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:postgresql://localhost:2282/postgres?currentSchema=cast_dashboards to match the CAST Storage Service/PostgreSQL instance you intend to use for the roles/permissions schema, for example:
Save the file before proceeding. This will ensure that a schema called "cast_dashboards" is created on the target CAST Storage Service/PostgreSQL instance when you start the web application.
Step 3 - Install the license key
As explained in Dashboard Service license key configuration, when you want to access a Dashboard schema using the CAST RestAPI (i.e. via the Security Dashboard, or via the CAST Report Generator), a special license key is required. This license key grants specific access to one or multiple Dashboard schemas for the web application in which it is installed (i.e. the Engineering Dashboard or the CAST RestAPI).
You must therefore install the license key and, if you are using a restricted license key, define data access authorization. These two steps are explained in Dashboard Service license key configuration in the sections How do I install a license key? and How to authorize users when using a RESTRICTED license key.
Step 4 - Install the Microsoft Windows Service to start/stop the application server - optional
If you have deployed the ZIP file on Microsoft Windows and would like to control the application server via a Microsoft Windows Service, CAST provides an installation batch script to do this for you. Locate the following file:
Double click this file to start the service installation. You may be prompted to accept a UAC warning:
On completion the service will be listed as CAST Dashboard Service with a startup type set to Automatic, log on as Local System and will not be running:
- The installer requires:
- Java JDK/JRE ≥ 8
- a JAVA_HOME system environment variable pointing to the installation location of the Java JDK
- The .bat installer will configure the service to use the <unpacked_zip>\amd64\dashboard-service.exe. You may want to ensure that the unpacked zip file is in an appropriate location.
- You can change the log on as, after the install has completed by right clicking the service and changing the options in the Log On tab:
- The installer will set the service to use the following RAM memory - you may find that this is not sufficient. See Apache Tomcat performance considerations for information about memory requirements.
- Initial memory pool = 256MB
- Maximum memory pool = 1024MB
Step 5 - Start the dashboard and test connection
To start the dashboard:
- either start the Windows Service if you are using Microsoft Windows and have chosen to install the Windows Service
- or run the following file:
By default the dashboard is configured to run on port 8080 (this can be changed, see Modify the user access port for 2.x JAR or ZIP deployments). Use the following URL - where <server_name> is equal to the host name of the current server to access the dashboard. If you are testing on the server itself, you can use
You should see the login page as follows - this indicates that the initial setup was successful:
Step 6 - Configure user authentication
This step involves configuring how your users will authenticate with the CAST Security Dashboard. Most organizations opt for LDAP/Active Directory integration so that users can use their corporate username/password to access the resources they need. The Security Dashboard also has a built in username/password authentication mechanism which is enabled "out of the box". See User authentication.
≥ 2.1 onlyStep 7 - First login and become admin -
By default, the CAST Dashboard requires that at least one user is granted the ADMIN role following the first login after the User authentication configuration. This ensures that one user can access all data and cofiguration settings. See First login and become admin. This step is not required when using Dashboards 1.x and can be skipped.
Step 8 - Configure roles
This step involves configuring roles for users and groups that are accessing the CAST Security Dashboard. See User roles.
Step 9 - Generate snapshot data for display
Before your users can "consume" data via the CAST Security Dashboard, you need to generate snapshot data.
Step 10 - Configure data authorization
An Authorization defines permission to access and "consume the data" in a specific Application or group of Applications via the CAST Security Dashboard. If permission is not granted, or a "restriction" is used, then any information related to this Application will be not accessible: application properties such as name, technologies or grades and measures, etc. Therefore, an Authorization must be defined before a user/group of users can access a specific application. See Data authorization.
Advanced configuration specific to the CAST Engineering/Security Dashboard (the two are identical in terms of configuration):
Additional advanced configuration options: