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Purpose

This page talks about the prerequisites and checklist to be followed before doing the .NET analysis and also to troubleshoot any crashes while performing .net analysis.

Please select the section you are interested in from the list below.

Applicable in CAST Version
ReleaseYes/No
8.1.x(tick)
8.0.x(tick)
7.3.x(tick)
Applicable RDBMS
RDBMSYes/No
Oracle Server(tick)
Microsoft SQL Server(tick)
CSS2(tick)

.NET Analyzer Pre-requisite (CAST 7.3.X)

Legacy Analyzer (for VB.NET only in 7.3.x):

  1. Make sure that the analysis machine has net reflect component registered, if not then please follow, CMS Snapshot Analysis - Run Analyzer - Non Fatal Error - DOTNet with Core CAST AIP - Unable to instantiate component NetReflect - XXXXXXXX
  2. The source code should be properly compiled and should have the latest version of assemblies (VS.NET studio's are installed)
  3. Follow this page for more information CMS Snapshot Analysis - Run Analyzer - DOTNet - Information - MS.NET Compilation checklist
  4. Once the source code compiles properly and if the problem remains, contact CAST Technical Support

New .NET Analyzer (for C#.NET only in 7.3.x)

  1. No need of compiled source code.
  2. Make sure the target framework by project should be installed in the analysis machine.
  3. Installation of VS is not required in the analysis machine.

.NET Analyzer Pre-requisite (CAST 8.0.X, CAST 8.1.X)

New .NET Analyzer (for VB.NET and C#.NET)

  1. No need to compile the code.
  2. No more net reflect component registration.
  3. Make sure to have the .net framework installed to package its content while doing the packaging in DMT.
  4. Installation of VS is not required in the analysis machine.

Assembly reference and Project reference

In the application if the dependencies between projects has assemblies, then we need to look in the application. If we have the corresponding application extension (dll) in the defined folder of the project file if it is not present then we need to ask for the dll from the customer/application team and then do the packaging again after getting the dll, packaging which can be done as described below:

  • Put the dll in the path mentioned in the project file.
  • Put all the dlls in one folder and add that folder as a .net dll package.

If the dependencies between the projects has another project then we need to look in the application for the presence of that project file which should ideally be present.

Packaging of the .NET assemblies

The .net assemblies need to be packaged along with the source code before performing the .net analysis.

The package should be done as follows:

  1. Open DMT.
  2. Add new package
  3. Select Automated extraction of required .net assemblies
  4. Defining a package on C:\Windows\assembly does not extract the system assemblies. Use the below instructions instead.
    1. Choose C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319. Choosing between 32 & 64 bits is mostly a non issue. What matters is the interface, and the interface is the same in both cases. But it is important to choose a folder where you will have only one version of system libraries. If you don't, then for some projects a version might be selected, for other projects, another version, which may lead to ambiguities later.
      1. So, if you know none of the project requires a version more recent than xxx, just select C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v"xxx"
      2. If you don't know (or don't care), just select: C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v"latest available" Which will most of the time be: C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319
  5. Package it
  6. Check the required dll of other version need to be remediated, follow the below page which also explains how to remediate the alerts: Delivery Manager Tool - Information - Project Remediation - Remediate packaging alerts

Find an example below which explains how to remediate if you have missing assemblies, or if you have missing source files.

In the below screen shot we have 18 alerts related to missing assemblies and source files.

We have the missing assemblies mentioned below under the package content

Since the missing assemblies if of .Net framework version 4, so we need to package the .Net assmeblies of framework 4.

In DMT we have to select the automated extraction of required .Net assemblies.

 

After packaging we can see that in the .NET assemblies package, in the package configuration tab, there is the list of all the alerts detected, and in the package content tab the list of assemblies that found to remediate these alerts.

Then, after packaging we see that there are no more alerts related to missing assemblies in the DMT.

Now, in the below screen shot you could see there is a third party assembly which is missing.

We need to create another package and provide the path of the third party assembly.

After packaging the third party assembly the package is fine with no more DMT alerts, please find the screen shot below.

Following is the list of the main problems that can occur during a .NET analysis using the .Net analyzer. There are several types of problems: related to not following the prerequisites of the analysis, related to memory consumption or related to the code analysis.

C#.Net

Analysis Issues

In some cases, it is possible to encounter issues related to the analysis prerequisites. In the table below you will find the main messages that may be displayed by the Analyzer,. In most cases the issue can be resolved by applying the suggestion in the column Resolution.

We need to follow the prerequisites properly to avoid the errors.

Example

Description

Resolution

Unable to locate the .Net Framework path. The product version of this project is PROJECT_VERSION.

The .NET Framework required for the version of the application is not available

Please install the required .Net Framework.

Unable to find the technology LANGUAGE for selected projects.

The technology required for the language of the projects is not available.

Need to check what all languages customer is analyzing.

Check if customer is using any language which is not supported by CAST.

No valid input paths specified. Please specify at least one existing project (or website) path on the command line.

There is no project or website selected.

Select at least a project or a website.

None of the selected projects (and/or websites) has its target framework installed. In order to run the analysis, you will need to install the .Net frameworks targeted by the selected projects (and/or websites).

The  required .Net Frameworks are not available.

Follow the below page:

CMS Snapshot Analysis - Run Analyzer - Non Fatal Error - DotNet - troubleshooting - None of the selected projects has its target framework installed

Bad application configuration because the following file(s) FILES is(are) missing; reinstalling the application might fix the problem.

Some of the application files are missing.

Check which application file is missing from the analysis log

Unable to find any .Net Framework. In order to run the analysis, you will need to install all the .NET framework versions used by the application.

To check the installed .net framework, follow this page : How to check if Dot net Framework is installed

 

The  required .Net Frameworks are not available. 

If none of the framework is not installed we get this error in the log, so we need to ask to install the correct framework.

CMS Snapshot Analysis - Run Analyzer - Non Fatal Error - DotNet - troubleshooting - None of the selected projects has its target framework installed

Failed to load metadata dispenser (CODE). Possible reasons are: missing .NET framework 2.0 version or .NET framework 2.0 has been installed after a more recent version.

The metadata dispenser is not available.

This issue comes because of .Net framework not installed at the customer environment.

So we need to check the correct target framework and then ask the customer to install the same.

CMS Snapshot Analysis - Run Analyzer - Fatal Error - DOTNet with Core CAST AIP - Failed to load metadata dispenser

Code Analysis

During the analysis, issues can appear related to the code. In the table below you will find the main messages that may be displayed by the analyzer:

Example

Resolution

Analyzer internal error.

There could be some file which might not allow the analyzer to proceed further with the analysis, so we need to follow the following page: CMS Snapshot Analysis - Information - Overview of the Dichotomy process

While analyzing the source code analyzer failed to parse XML file

CMS Snapshot Analysis - Run Analyzer - Non Fatal Error - DOTNet with Core CAST AIP - Failed to parse xml file type http w3 org not found

CMS Snapshot Analysis - Run Analyzer - Non Fatal Error - JEE with Core CAST AIP - Failed to parse xml file unterminated end tag name

While computing conversions between an expression and a type, the type of the expression is unexpectedly null.

This is the code issue and need to consult the customer to check the code.

Analyzer internal error or performance issueIn the source code if we have 0kb or file size greater than 2 MB then we need to remove those files and run the analysis

In other case get the source code from customer and reproduce the issue, report to R&D. This page provides the guidelines on reproducing the issue.

Memory Issues 

During the analysis, some issues related to memory consumption can occur.

To confirm the memory issue we need to activate the AMT profiling and run the analysis, if CAST rest bytes in more than 1.8GB then it is a memory issue and then we need to follow the below troubleshooting page:

CMS Snapshot Analysis - Run Analyzer - Fatal Error - Analyzer is running out of memory - This may occur under disk full condition

Shown below are the main error messages that may be displayed by the analyzer:

Example

Description

Invalid null pointer argument.

Fatal error.

MemMngrDLL_AllocBlock(): Cannot allocate a new user area of bytes.

A memory allocation call failed while creating a node.

MngTreeDLL_MkTreeElement() - Not enough memory for building a new 'NODE'.

The analysis will end because of out of memory.

Analysis is running out of memory - This may occur under disk full condition

The analysis will end because of out of memory.

 

VB .Net

Analysis Issues

ExampleDescriptionResolution
Unable to instantiate component NetReflect ('HRESULT').Netreflect component not registered in analysis machine registry

Follow the below page

CMS Snapshot Analysis - Run Analyzer - Non Fatal Error - DOTNet with Core CAST AIP - Unable to instantiate component NetReflect - XXXXXXXX

AspNet compilation failure could not find generated assembly, please make sure the page compiles

This occurs in the web project / websites when the code is not compiled before the analysis.

Compilation of ASP.NET pages is a tricky process in 7.3.X, not related to CAST but related to the fact that to analyze MSIL code of ASP.NET pages we need to execute each ASP.NET page before doing MSIL Analysis using legacy .Net Analyzer.

New VB.NET Analyzer in 8.0 doesn't need to compile or execute ASP.NET pages, they are just analyzed by looking at source code. This was one of the main objectives  in 8.0 to remove any ASP.NET compilation for VB.NET source code.

Follow the below page:

CMS Snapshot Analysis - Run Analyzer - Non Fatal Error - DOTNet with Core CAST AIP - ASP Net compilation failure could not find generated assembly

Failed to locate or open assemblyEither you don't have the complete code or the references are out of date.Ensure that the code is complete and update the project references

Code Analysis

For code related issue we need to follow the same as above in the C#.NET

Memory Issues

For memory issue we need to follow the same as above in the C#.NET

 

 

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